How to treat baby without brain
The brain is the building block of our consciousness.
As such, babies who don’t have it are deprived of its importance, their emotions are not properly expressed and they suffer in a state of neurotypicality, a term for people who lack one or more essential features of the human brain.
“If you think about what it’s like to be a newborn, it’s the same,” says Elizabeth Stauffer, a neurologist and pediatric neurosurgeon at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
“You have no idea what’s going on inside you, what you’re feeling, what’s happening in your body.”
While babies can experience many types of problems and illnesses, there is a specific subset of infants who are especially vulnerable.
The neurotypicals can be in pain and have developmental issues.
They are also prone to learning disabilities and behavioral problems.
They can also have health problems, including epilepsy, diabetes, anxiety, mental health problems and depression.
For example, babies born with a brain defect are more likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, a mental disorder that is characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication.
And even in their earliest months, babies are often at risk for developing hearing loss, epilepsy, obesity and speech delay.
“The risk of neurodevelopmental disorders is extremely high in this population,” says Dr. Stauffers team member Dr. Elizabeth Staudinger, a pediatric neurologist who has worked in the field for more than 25 years.
But it’s not always clear what is causing the problems.
Sometimes the neurotypics may have an underlying medical condition, such as epilepsy or obesity.
Other times, it may be simply the fact that the brain isn’t getting enough oxygen.
Dr. John C. Ochsner, a developmental neurosurgery specialist at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, says that when babies don’t receive enough oxygen to grow and develop properly, the body has to make up the difference.
“As babies grow, their brains become more and more like those of their older siblings,” he says.
“And those brains have more oxygen to take up.”
How do babies who have brain defects develop differently?
Dr. Oochsner says that infants with brain defects are more vulnerable to the early problems they will experience as babies grow up.
The early symptoms of developmental problems include poor social development, sensory processing, language and other developmental problems, and behavioral difficulties, such inattentiveness and repetitive behaviors.
“They have a much lower IQ, and they have a very low chance of achieving their goals,” says Ochsen.
“When you look at their lives as a result of these early challenges, you see that the development of their brains is not just disrupted in those first months, but it is also impaired by many years down the road.”
It’s not clear exactly what causes the neurodiversity, but a number of factors can contribute to this condition.
A variety of environmental factors are thought to play a role.
A study by Dr. C. S. Johnson and colleagues at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, which analyzed the genetics of the condition, found that mutations in a gene that makes the body’s immune system recognize and respond to proteins found in the developing brain, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), may increase the likelihood of neurodiverse babies.
Other studies have shown that environmental factors, such atypical diet and early birth, can affect how babies develop.
For instance, Dr. Johnson’s team found that the children of mothers who had a lower amount of BDNF had a higher chance of developing autism spectrum disorder, as did the children whose mothers had higher levels of BDN.
“That could be due to their maternal environment, their prenatal environment, prenatal care, or something in the mother’s diet,” Dr. Jovanovics says.
Other factors that contribute to neurodilution include a lack of nutrients during the first months of life, poor nutrition during pregnancy and birth, and a lack in physical activity.
For these babies, the brain becomes damaged during this period, resulting in the brain being unable to develop properly.
As a result, babies with neurodils may also have low levels of dopamine in the bloodstream, which is responsible for their dopamine-rich brain.
This may lead to an imbalance in dopamine levels and a need for medication to control the level of the neurotransmitter.
“These babies are really at risk of developing neurodevelopment disorders, and if they don’t get the proper amount of medication, it can lead to the development that is neurodilic,” says Stauding.
For this reason, Drs.
Stauders and Staudings team is working to identify the genes that are most important for the development and functioning of the brain in the neurogenic babies.
This study will likely take some time, as the researchers are still gathering data.
What are the treatments available to treat neurodiversion?
The researchers are currently studying the effects